Study: NCAA Leads in NHL Draft Success

70% of NCAA first-round picks from 2000-06 made the NHL, outpacing all other development paths.

There will not be 10 current or future NCAA players selected in the first round of the 2014 NHL Draft next week in Philadelphia. We know this from prognosticators’ mock drafts (like this one, or these) and past experience; only once has one-third of the first round been made up of NCAA players, in 2007 (11).

NCAA and the NHL Draft

Washington Post: College hockey players undervalued at the NHL Draft and here's why

The Score: Why you should hope your favorite team drafts an NCAA hockey player

ESPN.com: College players fit well in NHL

Nevertheless, former college hockey players made up 31% of all NHL players in 2013-14. It marked the fourth straight year that number was at 30% and signs suggest that number will continue to grow.

Clearly there’s a disconnect between the NHL Draft – which should forecast the future makeup of the league – and what we end up seeing on the ice. Why is that?

Hits and Misses

Drafts in every sport have their hidden gems, and the NHL is no exception. What seems to be a theme, however, is how many of those late-round stars come from the NCAA ranks.

A popular pastime among hockey news organizations is to look back at drafts five, 10 or 15 years ago and “re-draft” them – see where the selections should have fallen, given how the players’ careers have played out.

Invariably – no matter the year or the news organization – NCAA players were under-represented in the original draft.

Source

Original Draft

Re-Evaluated

1994 Draft, NHL.com

2 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

5 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

2003 Draft, NHL.com

9 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

10 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

2003 Draft, Sportsnet

2 NCAA players in top 11 picks;
9 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

4 NCAA players in top 9 picks;
11 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

2004 Draft, NHL.com

5 NCAA players in top 23 picks

6 NCAA players in top 23 picks

2008 Draft, NHL.com

4 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

6 NCAA players in 1st Rd.

2009 Draft, ESPN.com

0 NCAA players in top 15 picks

4 NCAA players in top 15 picks

NCAA hockey’s success in producing late-round or undrafted NHLers isn’t too surprising when looking at the overall player pool. While 31% of all players in the NHL played college hockey, nearly half of all NHL players who were taken in the fifth round or later (or undrafted) developed in college hockey.

 

High Success Rate

While late-round surprises can change our perspective on previous drafts, the true measure of success for the teams making the selections lies in the performance of its top picks. Good teams draft more hits than misses in the first two rounds.

Not surprisingly, there is a correlation between where a player is drafted and how many games he will play in the NHL. Here’s a look at the seven drafts from 2000-06, plotting NHL games played vs. overall draft position:

From another perspective, here is each draft pick’s chances of playing 300 NHL games (or 100 for goaltenders) based on the round of selection in the 2000 to 2006 drafts (note: draft was reduced to seven rounds in 2005):

Given those numbers, it’s not surprising that nearly half of all NHLers in 2013-14 had been drafted in the first two rounds of the draft (46%) and more than 30% were taken in the first round.

 

Who Makes It?

Those odds demonstrate the importance of the first round for NHL teams. If you draft a player who doesn’t play 300 career games, chances are 18 of your competitors have an advantage on you – in a league where 16 teams make the playoffs.

So looking deeper at those first-round draft choices, are some picks more likely to “make it” than others? Looking at the different development paths NHL prospects can follow, those on the NCAA route have a 70% chance of playing 300 career NHL games – the best of any development path and a full 10 percentage points better than the average.

(For this study, goaltenders with 100+ games played were included with skaters who had 300+ games played. Development route was determined by the team that a player played for immediately prior to being drafted; those who went on to play in both the NCAA and CHL systems were considered “other.” Europeans who went on to play in the CHL remain classified as European.)

This study focused on the first seven drafts of this century to focus on players who in many cases continue to have an impact in the NHL and who came from a variety of development routes. The 2000 draft featured seven NCAA players in the first round, including the first two overall selections (Rick DiPietro and Dany Heatley). That number roughly fit the average of NCAA first-round selections in the seven years studied (6.6).

The group of NCAA players includes those who were drafted out of the USHL, U.S. high schools and prep schools, and other junior teams who went on to play at an NCAA school.

The study did not look at more recent drafts than 2006, as many players taken more recently may not have met the 300 GP threshold simply based on the short period of time since their draft. For example, Logan Couture (CHL) and Ryan McDonagh (NCAA), both taken in the first round in 2007, are established NHLers but neither has played 300 career games to this point.

Of the 210 first-round picks from 2000-2006, 46 (or 22%) were on the NCAA path, fewer than the CHL (100, or 47.6%) or Europe (61, or 29%). Nevertheless the NCAA produced more 300+ GP NHLers than Europe (32 to 30) and half as many as the CHL (32 to 64).

Those 46 NCAA picks outperformed the others despite, on average, being taken slightly later in the first round.

Avg. Draft Position, 2000-06 First Rounders
61 Europeans 14.9
100 CHL 15.7
46 NCAA 16.0

Adjusting the definition of “success” produces similar results. Lowering the threshold to 200+ GP (still 100+ for goalies), 73.9% of those NCAA draft picks “make it,” compared to 65.9% of all others.

Likewise, expanding the scope to the first two rounds of the draft produces similar results. The 448 first-and second-round picks from 2000-2006 had a 42% chance of playing 300+ games in the NHL. The 95 NCAA players in that group had the best success rate of any development route at nearly 50% (47 of 95).

 

NCAA Picks and Team Success

The 1,898 draft picks from 2000 to 2006 included 483 NCAA players. All 30 NHL teams selected a significant number of players on the NCAA route, with some selecting significantly more than the 16.1 average.

Five of the six teams with the most NCAA selections – all with at least 22 in that seven-year span – finished among the top 10 teams in points in 2013-14. What’s more, between Chicago, Los Angeles and Pittsburgh, they account for five of the six Stanley Cup championships won since 2009.

On every one of those top six teams, an NCAA draft pick from 2000 to 2006 remains a key contributor on those teams today, including Conn Smythe Trophy winners Jonathan Toews and Jonathan Quick.

 

Why is NCAA Successful?

The benefits of each development path are points of debate, but there are structural differences with each that could impact the success rate of its players. Specifically, the NHL’s collective bargaining agreement (CBA) dictates different ways that prospects on each path are handled, while each path’s internal configuration has an impact on player development.

NCAA coaches and other supporters point to those key differences as reasons for the high success rate of NCAA players relative to other avenues.

The NHL CBA gives NCAA players the opportunity to spend four years in school before signing professional contracts – and gives NHL teams the opportunity to monitor their prospects’ progress during that time without losing their rights. While CHL players age out of junior hockey at 20 years old and must be signed by NHL teams or returned to the draft, NHL teams maintain an NCAA players’ rights throughout his time in college – up to age 22, 23 or 24 in most cases.

Nearly half of the 305 former NCAA players in the NHL spent four years in school. Not surprisingly that proportion is smaller for the 59 former first-round draft picks in that group, but 42% still stayed three or four years.

The other significant difference in the NCAA route is the structure of the NCAA season, with teams playing approximately 40 games per year, primarily on the weekends.

NCAA supporters cite this schedule – as opposed to a “pro-style” schedule of 60+ games – as a positive for player development. U.S. college hockey maintains a practice-to-game ratio of at least two-to-one and allows time for strength and conditioning work.

Many of the players included in this study cite the development they enjoyed in college (see this video), while independent experts notice it as well.

“You can see the difference between the college and junior guys,” said Chicago Blackhawks strength and conditioning coach Paul Goodman. “The schedule in college allows you more time in the weight room, so the biggest thing that I notice is that they’re more well-rounded in the room during the workouts. They’re familiar with the technique and they also have a very good base.”

 

Conclusion

Friday night’s first round of the 2014 NHL Draft will feature 30 selections, and history suggests that around 18 of them will have significant (300+ GP) NHL careers.

Most mock drafts have between three and six of those 30 selections being players headed to NCAA schools in the fall – names like Sonny Milano and Alex Tuch (Boston College), Dylan Larkin (Michigan), Nick Schmaltz (North Dakota) and Jack Dougherty (Wisconsin).

Based on players who have followed the NCAA path before them, those players would seem to have a better chance of enjoying significant NHL careers than the other first-round picks announced Friday night.

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